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  • Anirudh Kanisetti

The True Story of the Battle of Talikota

Gunpowder, Innovation, and Family Politics in Early Modern India

The Battle of Talikota is one of the most important events of the 16th-century world. It’s often stereotyped as a clash between the Hindu empire of Vijayanagara and the Muslim Sultanates of the Deccan, and Vijayanagara’s defeat – and the subsequent sacking of the great city - is often seen as a result of the incompatibility of Hinduism and Islam. Here's the real story of what happened, based on evidence from literature and archaeology.


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Bibliography:

Stein, Burton. The New Cambridge History of India: Vijayanagara. Cambridge University Press, 1990.


Eaton, Richard M., and Philip B. Wagoner. "Warfare on the deccan plateau, 1450-1600: A Military Revolution in early modern India?." Journal of World History (2014): 5-50.


Wagoner, Phillip B. "" Sultan among Hindu Kings": Dress, Titles, and the Islamicization of Hindu Culture at Vijayanagara." Journal of Asian Studies (1996): 851-880.


Sinopoli, Carla. "From the Lion Throne: Political and social dynamics of the Vijayanagara Empire." Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 43, no. 3 (2000): 364-398.


Lycett, Mark T., and Kathleen D. Morrison. "The “fall” of Vijayanagara reconsidered: political destruction and historical construction in South Indian history." Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 56, no. 3 (2013): 433-470.


Fischel, Roy S. Local States in an Imperial World: Identity, Society and Politics in the Early Modern Deccan. Edinburgh University Press, 2020.


Imaratwale, Abdul G. "History of Vijayanagar in MS. Tazkiratul Muluk of Rafiuddin Shirazi". Studies in Medieval Bijapur.


Sewell, Robert, Fernão Nunes, and Domingos Paes. A forgotten empire (Vijayanagar): A contribution to the history of India. Asian Educational Services, 2000.


Reddy, Srinivas. "Stallions of the Indian ocean." Exploring Materiality and Connectivity in Anthropology and Beyond (2020): 98.


Reddy, Srinivas. Raya: Krishnadevaraya of Vijayanagara. Juggernaut Books, 2020.


Reddy, Srinivas. The Giver of the Worn Garland KRISHNADEVARAYA'S AMUKTAMALYADA. Penguin UK, 2010.

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